One of the key elements in Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning is monitoring and evaluation, which can be applied as management tools both for individual measures and packages of measures and for the overall SUMP planning process.
Monitoring of SUMP measures (continuous data collection and analysis) should be conducted on a regular cycle, while evaluation of SUMP measures (systematic determination of measure’s merit and significance during and after implementation) should be conducted when major schemes are implemented, and repeated over longer time intervals. Evaluation (ex-post evaluation) takes place after implementation of measures or an overall SUMP, and is used to assess whether the measure (or SUMP) has been effective, and does represent value for money, or whether it needs modification or enhancement.
A related process, appraisal (ex-ante evaluation) is conducted during the development of proposals for measures or an overall SUMP, to assess whether the proposals will be effective and represent value for money, or need enhancement.
Monitoring and Evaluation are important tools in the development and implementation of SUMPs that serve the purpose of timely identification of problems, potential successes and the need for readjustment of a SUMP and its instruments. Providing regular information to decision makers, potential funding bodies and local stakeholders can help to demonstrate that a SUMP has delivered, or will deliver benefits to the community, provides value for money and is worth continuing, or requires modifications to be successful.
The level of application of monitoring and evaluation in European cities differs. The CH4LLENGE survey and the Training Workshop results show that typical barriers to the effective use of evaluation and monitoring are lack of experience, limited financial and staff resources, gaps in technical knowledge with regard to defining performance indicators, and the retrieval, collection, preparation and interpretation of data, and inefficient monitoring and evaluation practices.
Therefore in CH4LLENGE help and guidance on methods for the various steps of the evaluation and monitoring processes are being developed by the “Monitoring and Evaluation Template” and other documents including a list of indicators, recommendations for the most important indicators, advice on good practice in their collection, analysis and interpretation, and recommendations for suitable monitoring and evaluation timetables.
The CH4LLENGE cities are developing local Monitoring and Evaluation programmes, implementing pilot projects and working on hands-on guidance for decision makers and practitioners in local authorities. The objective is to provide methodologies and feasible ways to assess change and to evaluate the effectiveness of a SUMP.
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